Speech Patterns for Effective Public Speaking
As a rule of the thumb, every public speaker, when presenting a speech, must be conversant with their target audience. This enables them to pair their speech pattern with the most suitable tone that the audience can relate to. Below are writing patterns that can help speakers prepare the speeches effectively:
- Problem- solution
The majority of public speakers worldwide use the categorical pattern while preparing their presentation. The idea behind using this arrangement is to help them organize their points consistently by creating pieces of relating information that will form the basis for supporting the main idea. For example, when giving a speech that intends to persuade people on buying product X; a speaker may subdivide topics based on “how to use product X, cost of the item and its advantages.”
Are you targeting to give a speech related to physical geography? If yes, then the spatial category would suit most how you present your viewpoints. For example, if you intend to give a speech to a group of campaigning mayors, your thoughts would align towards topics like; “population of citizens living in a particular city.”
If your speech is related to time- series topic, then the chronological pattern would be the most preferred. This is because it enables a speaker to prepare their address in the time order of how events happened. An example of a topic that would entail this formula is “Bombings in the history of America.”
When a speaker wants to talk about the life of a person, they would undoubtedly use the biographical pattern in their speech. Aspects such as achievements, contribution towards society and accomplishments would be presented about that person by the speaker. A typical example is when giving the life history of a departed person during his/her funeral service.
Compare/ Contrast pattern
If you are highlighting two different scenarios, a speaker will choose the comparison and contrast technique. For example, when giving a talk to parents with multiple children; one would segment their speech in two categories, i.e., what are the similarities between identical twins and do identical twins differ in behaviour?
If your topic is geared towards a cause and effect scenario, then the causal design would work best when preparing your speech. The parameters of your speech would have to touch on a topic, for example, “What are effects of smoking to your health.”
There must be an underlying problem situation that has forced you to give a speech geared towards discussing that problem and your recommendations for that problem. Therefore, a speaker should ensure that they describe the problem exhaustively to his/her audience. After that, he/she must provide solutions for the problem. For example, question: “HIV/AIDS is on the prevalence among married couples.” Answer: “Staying loyal to one partner can reduce the chances of contracting the disease. “
When you aim to give a speech based on a logical argument, then the psychological pattern is the most desirable. For example, gambling and betting companies thrive by using such tactics to lure an audience into taking part in the gamble.